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Exercise intensity is more important than duration

September 4th, 2011

This is a really interesting graph:

It comes from a study called the Copenhagen City Heart Study, which followed a random sample of about 12,000 people in Copenhagen for 21 years. This particular data (which was presented at the European Society of Cardiology conference last week) looked at the cycling habits of the subjects, teasing out the separate effects of how hard they typically cycle and how long they spend cycling on a typical day. What you see is that it’s all about intensity: men who typically cycled “fast” (as subjectively determined by self-report) lived 5.3 years longer than those who cycled “slow,” whereas duration had no significant effect.

Since this is just a conference presentation, I don’t have full details on the data and analysis. Obviously there are likely to be some correlations in action — people who are unhealthy for whatever reason are likely to cycle slower and die earlier. That being said, the results were corrected for “age, gender, number of other sports activities, BMI, systolic blood pressure (including antihypertensive medication), HDL-cholesterol, smoking, income, alcohol-intake and diabetes”. Here’s the comparable data for women:

  1. Samuele Marcora
    September 6th, 2011 at 13:11 | #1

    These are very interesting data supporting recent experimental studies showing the benefits of high intensity exercise. However, current guidelines for the general population recommend moderate intensity exercise simply because most people are not motivated enough to do high intensity exercise. We are working on a solution to this. Keep posted

  2. Brian Abernathy
    September 7th, 2011 at 17:41 | #2

    What is unclear to me from the graph and press release is the frequency of the intense exercise. Is the optimum amount 0.5-1 hour/day at a fast/high intensity? Did the cyclists that rode fast do it daily? If you live longer by cycling hard 3 days/week for 0.5-1 hour that is very different than cycling hard for 15 minutes 6 days/week.

  1. September 5th, 2011 at 23:34 | #1
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  3. September 13th, 2011 at 10:54 | #3
  4. November 9th, 2011 at 06:04 | #4